What would the end of Roe mean? Key questions and answers.

According to the Center for Reproductive Rights, a group that fights abortion restrictions in court and closely monitors state laws, 24 states are likely to ban abortion if allowed. These states are: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, West Virginia and Wisconsin.

The Guttmacher Institute, a research group focused on reproductive health care, says a slightly different list of states is likely to significantly limit abortion access: Their list of 26 states excludes North Carolina and Pennsylvania, but includes Florida, Iowa, Montana and Wyoming.

Thirteen states have so-called trigger laws, which were passed to make abortion illegal as soon as a court ruled. Some have old abortion laws on the books that were struck down by the Roe decision but could be enforced again. Still other states, like Oklahoma, have abortion bans that passed this legislative session, despite the Roe precedent.

Some women seeking abortions might obtain them through other means, including traveling to a state where abortion is legal or ordering pills online from outside the country. Texas provides an example. In September, a law came into effect prohibiting abortion after detection of fetal heart activity, approximately six weeks. Abortions in Texas clinics have halved. But many women were able to get abortions in nearby states or by ordering pills, resulting in an overall drop of only about 10%.

Without Roe, abortion would likely decline further because women would have to travel farther to reach a state where it would be legal. Many women who have abortions are poor and the long journeys can be overwhelming. States likely to ban abortion are concentrated in the South, Midwest and Great Plains. Due to the expected increase in interstate travel, the remaining clinics would most likely have less capacity to treat the women who were able to reach them.

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