Osteoporosis occurs when your bones become so porous that they break down and become brittle. This can lead to chronic pain and broken bones. Osteoporosis usually develops in older people, but it can occur anytime after the age of thirty if the bones are weakened by lack of strength or heavy weight, hormonal changes, strenuous exercise, steroids or diseases such as anorexia or leukemia.
Osteoporosis can lead to several physical disabilities affecting the spine, hips, and upper and lower limbs. The most common symptom is lower back pain that persists for no apparent reason.
Other issues include:
• Bone fractures of all kinds (due to fragile bones).
• Bone deformities.
• Bone spurs.
• Compression of the spinal cord.
• Chronic pain in the joints.
The more advanced the disease, the greater the damage.
Osteoporosis is caused by less dense bones that are weaker and more likely to fracture or break. The foundation for strong bones is laid in your childhood years through adolescence.
Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Pain can be the main symptom of osteoporosis. Some people suffer from back pain or headaches and may have a hunched posture due to loss of bone mass in the vertebrae. Symptoms of osteoarthritis include weakness, loss of hip height, hunched posture, and easily broken bones.
A fracture caused by osteoporotic bone is most likely to occur in the shoulder where the collarbone is located. In addition to pain and other symptoms related to osteoporosis, people will have a reduced range of motion in their joints due to fragile bones that are prone to breaking.
Maine causes osteoporosis?
According to data from Medzone, hormonal imbalance is the most common cause of osteoporosis. If a woman is on medication such as birth control pills (estrogen or progestins) and hormone therapy drugs. These are drugs that are used to treat the symptoms of menopause in women. These hormones can significantly increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.
2. genetic predisposition
Osteoporosis is a widespread disease. It occurs in 1 in 5 women before the age of 50. Osteoporosis also occurs in men, but with a much lower incidence, occurring in 1 in 10 men. The risk of developing osteoporosis increases if both parents have osteoporosis. Other factors implicated in the development of osteoporosis are low calcium intake and lack of physical activity.
3. Medical conditions
Certain medical conditions can increase the risk of osteoporosis. These include weight loss diets, certain medications, and thyroid disorders. Osteoporosis can be caused by a diet low in calcium and vitamin D, essential for bone health, or by restricted caloric intake. Some women lose their periods as part of menopause. This loss of the menstrual cycle results in an abnormal loss of calcium. In addition, being overweight or obese is also linked to the development of osteoporosis in some women.
4. Bad habits
Some studies show that smoking, as well as heavy alcohol consumption, is linked to osteoporosis. Studies have shown that smokers and heavy drinkers are more likely to suffer hip, spine and forearm fractures than non-smokers and non-drinkers.
Diets low in fat and calcium can cause osteoporosis because they reduce the amount of calcium in the body. Calcium is a vitamin, but it belongs to the fat food groups; do not supplement your diet with calcium without considering that these supplements are expensive. It is also recommended to eat at least 1 cup of dairy and low-fat products each day. Do not neglect to eat foods rich in vitamin D and phosphorus since both are essential for bone development. Regular exercise like weight lifting or walking keeps your bones strong and healthy. Be careful if you have orthopedic problems, because often bad habits accompany them.
Cryotherapy is a new natural treatment based on cooling wounds or diseased tissue to prevent or treat inflammation and promote the healing process by slowing the activity of damaged tissue. Cryotherapy is based on the biological principle that cells are damaged faster when they are hot than when they are cold. Heating a given area increases capillary circulation, dilation of blood vessels, blood flow and concentration of red blood cells, thus accelerating tissue repair. In contrast, cooling causes vasoconstriction, decreases capillary circulation, and slows tissue repair.
2. Hormonal therapy
There are new treatments for the manifestation of osteoporosis. These include hormone therapy and bisphosphonates; in addition, the use of clinical diagnosis of osteoporosis has been enhanced with the introduction of bone densitometry, which virtually estimates bone mineral density by X-ray analysis. This technique is considered more accurate and reliable than x-ray. Bisphosphonates do not directly treat osteoporosis but prevent it from developing.
3 . Nanotechnology
Nanotechnology is considered one of the most revolutionary techniques that can be used to treat osteoporosis. Nanotechnology is a field that deals with the manipulation of materials of small lengths and masses.
Prevention of osteoporosis
Osteoporosis can be prevented by taking calcium supplements and following a healthy diet. People with a high calcium intake tend to have a reduced risk of fractures and osteoporosis. Calcium supplements are very effective in preventing osteoporosis if used regularly. To ensure that the person gets enough calcium in their diet, they should take one or two capsules very often during the day, for example one or two capsules a day between meals.
Osteoporosis is a common disease that can cause serious bone fractures in older people. This disease is preventable because it is caused by bad habits and genetics, which are controllable.
It is essential to use bone density screening in people at high risk of osteoporosis. In addition to calcium supplements and lifestyle changes, hormone therapy in some people can significantly reduce the risk of developing this condition.